Diabetes is a long-term health condition that affects the way the body converts food into energy. The body breaks down most food into glucose which is released into the bloodstream. When blood sugar rises, it signals the pancreas to release insulin.
The body of a person with diabetes is not able to make enough insulin or use it as it should. This lack of insulin causes too much glucose to be in the bloodstream. Over time, this can lead to a variety of serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
In general, diabetes is divided into two main types, namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the pancreas does not produce insulin. Meanwhile, type 2 diabetes is the body's resistance to insulin.
For a long time, people thought that type 1 diabetes was genetic and acquired from childhood. However, studies have linked viruses with type 1 diabetes. Viruses that have a high potential to trigger diabetes are enteroviruses. This time, we will discuss some important things about enteroviruses and how this viral infection causes type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
The Mayo Clinic page explains, in people with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas makes little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that the body uses to allow glucose to enter cells and produce energy.
Type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood, but can also develop in adults. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. However, usually, this is due to the body's immune system destroying the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is often thought to be genetic, but research suggests exposure to viruses and other environmental factors can also be a contributing factor.